Severstal PJSC, Power machines PJSC, and Nordgold (part of Severgroup) supported the opening of the exhibition “Russian Daily Life in the Sculpture of the 19th and 20th Centuries” in the Marble Palace of the Russian Museum.
The exhibit features over 100 masterpieces by such authors as M. Chizhov, F. Kamensky, E. Lansere, N. Liberich, P. Trubetskoy, I. Ginzburg, I. Suvorov, and N. Bogushevskaya from the collection of the State Russian Museum, from the collection of A. Egorov (Moscow), as well as masterpieces by sculptors from St. Petersburg and Moscow.
The exhibit represents a “cross-section of Russian life,” from the mid-19th century to the present day.
The audience is familiar with the everyday lives genre through the paintings and drawings of the 19th century. Development of this genre was enhanced by the trend of showing real-life scenes from the lives of citizens, mostly of peasants and merchants.
This genre in plastics completed its formation as late as the Sixties of the 19th century in the artwork of such famous sculptors as M. Antokolsky and M. Chizhov, which open this exhibition. M. Chizhov created a whole range of famous artwork. A bronze sculpture called “Rezvushka” is a real masterpiece. One of the bronze copies of this sculpture, ordered by Alexander II, served as a decoration in the Imperial Palace in Livadiya (Crimea).
The exhibition also features reliefs masterfully carved out of wood and ivory by M. Antokolsky. The ideas were taken from the life and household of poor Jewish artisans.
From 1860-1880, genre and household compositions were popular, cast in patterns by N. Liberich and E. Lansere. One of the most famous artworks of N. Liberich is demonstrated in the exhibition, the bronze “Peasant Woman with Rake on Horseback”, as well as series of works realistically depicting scenes of Russian hunting with hounds (“String of a Wolf”, “Groom with Greyhounds”, “Whipper with Hounds”), which were exhibited in the Academy of Fine Arts in 1861.
Sculpture works depicting everyday activities of people represent the Soviet period. Starting from the 20th century, the thematic sculpture demonstrates contemporary life with dramatic, lyrical, and even grotesque images. The series of sculptures by V. Lishev show the terrible and yet heroic life of a city during the Great Patriotic War. The works of P. Shuriga and M. Kholodnaya represent the period of new popularity for the everyday genre of easel sculpture.
The exhibition also presents models of the second half of the 19th century in showing the life of peasants: plowing with oxen, sowing grain, grass mowing, harvesting, breeding, and gardening.